CIOME 2015 will be the 5th edition of this international gathering of experts and investors in the hydrocarbon and mineral industry of Chad and Central Africa in particular and Africa in general. The country will showcase the hydrocarbon and mineral industry and also present new opportunities in these sectors in Chad.
The Republic of Chad is divided into three major geographical regions: a desert zone in the north, an arid Sahelian belt in the centre and a savannah zone in the south. Lake Chad is the largest wetland in Chad and the second largest in Africa.
The hydrocarbon sector is under the supervision of the Ministry of Petroleum, Mines and Energy of Chad and works closely with Société des Hydrocarbures du Tchad SA (SHT), the national oil company of Chad. Hydrocarbons remained the leading segment of the economy of Chad. Chad is ranked as the tenth-largest oil reserve holder among African countries, with 1.5 billion barrels of proven reserves as of January 1, 2013, according to the Oil and Gas Journal. The Djermaya refinery is now open to source local and international markets with petroleum products. This refinery is producing gasoline, diesel, kerosene, polypropylene, liquefied gas and fuel oil. Crude oil production in Chad was an estimated 115,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) in 2011 and 105,000 bbl/d in 2012. Almost all of this was exported via the Chad-Cameroon Pipeline. Production of crude oil far exceeded the output of other mineral commodities of the country. Specific laws regulate the management of the petroleum revenues and its share. A body, the Collège de Controle de Surveillance de Revenus Pétrolier (CCSRP), has been set up to oversee the distribution of these revenues and also the recent creation of the “Regulatory Authority of the Downstream Petroleum Sector Chad (ARSAT)” aimed at organising the hydrocarbon sector of Chad.
As of January 2004, Chad had 30 megawatts (MW) of installed electricity generating capacity, of which 100 percent was conventional thermal. In 2004, the country generated 0.09 billion kilowatthours (Bkwh) of electricity, while consuming 0.09 Bkwh. Production and consumption of electricity in Chad have increased by 0.02 Bkwh, or 22 percent in the last 20 years. Conventional thermal capacity comprises all of Chad’s power supply. With the construction of the local Djermaya refinery, the generators are receiving refined oil directly from it.
This sector is largely undeveloped. Its mineral resources include uranium, natron, kaolin, gold, limestone, soda ash, stone, sand, gravel and salt. Studies indicate good potential, especially for uranium, gold, bauxite, silver and alluvial diamonds. Mineral companies are interested by this sector. Since December 1, 2011 the Baoare Cement Plant is open. This cement factory participates in the social and economic development of Chad. Solid minerals are regulated by the Mining Code (law No. 011/PR/1995 of 1995).
Chad is a vast Sahelian Africa country and has great potential, such as wind, solar and biomass. From the North to the South, the sun shines 2.750-3.250 hours per year. In regards to the wind, Chad has a large potential in the northern regions where there are two mountain ranges; as well as in parts of central and southern.